EV Charging Stations: Understanding the Different Levels

EV Charging Stations: Understanding the Different Levels

EV Charging Stations:
Understanding the Different Levels

Are you exploring more ways to modernize your portfolio? Installing electronic vehicle (EV) stations may be your missing link towards an eco-friendly upgrade for your assets & brand.

However, keep in mind that each location’s charging requirements determine the charging station you’ll need to install.

You might need to consider some critical factors first, so continue reading to see if installing EV Station might be the next best thing for your portfolio.

Capitalizing on EV Driver Memberships

For the majority, most EV drivers will charge their vehicles at home. However, with the rise of electronic vehicles, there’s a greater demand towards increasing publicly available and reliable charging stations. As of 2020, there were 3,884 public fast-charging stations with nearly 15,000 outlets. They project a need of 100,000 public charging stations by 2025!

So, how would this impact your day-to-day business strategy? When you decide to install an EV charging station, many of these chargers come with an option to purchase a subscription plan that integrates a payment solution for the users.

If you prefer to capitalize on exclusivity, charging stations can implement memberships to limit their use for those who don’t have memberships.

Typically, there are no fees for EV drivers to sign up for a membership, and there’s also an option to activate the station using other provided methods: activation cards, toll numbers, apps.

In addition to listing the station on a network map for driver accessibility, the network can charge a subscription fee per month or year for each charging outlet, which tracks the
station usage and enables the unit’s owner to bill for its use.

Now that we’ve clarified a few specific ways you could bank on your station, the next part
is to determine which level to install. There are two distinct station levels, each fitted with different features to meet varying charging limits and purposes.

Level-1 EV Charging Stations

Level 1 stations are the most affordable. Level 1 electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE) is less than $1,000.

Meaning, many EVs come with portable Level 1 EVSE usage as long as the charging station provides a 120-volt outlet on a dedicated circuit.

Level 1 stations can also provide approximately two to five miles of range per hour of charging time, which could be a better choice for a portfolio consisting of light-duration commercial areas.

These stations are most common among
ownership models for the host site to own.
However, third-party charging station service providers can offer different business models.

For example, third-party providers can opt
to pay for the installation, operation, & profits with the host site or offer a lease option.

If you’re trying to leverage the amount of charging power without going over your budget, you can install two Level 1 stations instead of one Level 2 station.

Still, if you’re looking for something that has more power with more functionality, a level 2 EV station might be a better fit.

Level-2 EV Charging Stations

Level 2 charging stations are a popular choice for commercial installations. They typically offer better durability and more features.

Some of the features provided in level 2 EV
stations are cord management systems that keep the driver’s cord off the ground when it’s not in use, or the station can provide network connections for tracking usage and establish payments or help make reservations.

Most manufacturers offer charging stations
that can be either be wall-mounted or installed as stand-alone pedestals. They often have models with either a single or double charging port per station.

Along with more features, the level 2 charging stations can provide around 10 to 20 miles per hour of charging, which would be a sufficient boost for EV drivers parked for a few hours at locations meant for longer durations.

However, with more capabilities, you’re also going to be looking at a higher price. The level 2 equipment can cost between $2,000 to $10,000, with more features available at the higher end of this range.

In the end, it’s ultimately up to what fits your portfolio’s needs and the needs of your clientele the most.

Match Your Level to Fit Your Budget

If you’re not worried about keeping exclusivity on your properties and not concerned with third-party service providers controlling the billing and want to add the stations to drive business traffic, level 1 stations offer compact affordability.

However, if you desire more functionality and the ability to control and track your stations’ usage, opting for a level 2 station may be the answer.

The power draw by Level 1 stations is much less, so there is a less electrical expense to the host. However, most Level 1 stations do not have the option for a subscription on a charging network and cannot easily bill EV drivers for usage because of their simplicity.

If you need more assistance in figuring out which level to install, connect with your contracting partner, who may be able to point you in the right direction.


Did you purchase a franchise and require a contractor to develop your space?

Please email us at sales@ferrandinoandson.com to inquire more about our contracting services and programs for your entire portfolio.



5 Parking Lot Design Considerations  Before Installing Your EVSE

5 Parking Lot Design Considerations Before Installing Your EVSE

5 Parking Lot Design Considerations
Before Installing Your EVSE

Your EVs require considerations that go above and beyond just the typical parking lot design approach. When planning for your parking spaces, user experience takes priority.

Be wary that if you prefer design choices such as awnings, optional power sources, and other extra installations, it will add more dollars to your overall EVSE project.

Adding an EVSE unit into an already tight parking lot plan may cut the amount of space required for your parking lot.

For safety, connecting with a certified national GC helps to take extra care when installing your charging unit to mitigate extreme weather conditions and other defining installation factors.

Below are five industry best practices to consider before implementing your EVSE installation for your parking lots.

1. Signage

Clear signage that guides the driver to the correct EV parking space should be your signage’s primary function. However, your national paving partner should still provide clear paving markings that designate the area for EVSE charging only.

Patterns appearing on the ground that are similar to striped spaces for reserved handicapped parking should be used, as well as on vertical surfaces.

2. Parking Ratios

In addition to your standard parking space signage, the EVSE unit itself or its equipment must not interfere with customer activities. Such as exiting or entering their vehicle or impact any nearby drivers or parking lot traffic.

Parking lot markings and signage indicators should work in tandem to help support the ratio between EVSE spaces and additional parking thoroughfares.

3. Unit Mounting

Your choice of an EVSE unit design will allow site planners to save space by choosing an arrangement that includes a mounting area.

For example, if you install your EVSE near your facility’s exterior wall, you can include mounting products that are helpful when your parking floor space is limited.

Also, charging stations with multiple cord sets can be organized and hung neatly on these mounts to mitigate tripping hazards.

4. Lighting Conditions

Parking lot visibility is critical for EV driver safety and helps to discourage vandalism of your investment. Most parking facilities pre-plan their designs that have suitable lighting for EVSE installations.

However, dim lights or cables (as mentioned) can create tripping hazards. Partnering with your GC can provide more insight into lighting upgrades, like LEDs, that can help cut energy costs while still providing adequate lighting.

5. Accessibility

Finally, it’s required to create parking spaces and routes that are safe and accessible to all drivers no matter their physical abilities. Generally, EV drivers spend more time steering around a parking space to connect and disconnect from a charging unit.

Accessible strategies should minimize any liability concerns, especially regarding the Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA). Compatible designs and space designation promoting wheelchair-accessible EV charging areas can contribute a competitive edge over other EV charging facilities.

For more information, contact your national GC partner or click HERE for other supplementary EVSE guidelines.


Did you purchase a franchise and require a contractor to develop your space?

Please email us at sales@ferrandinoandson.com to inquire more about our contracting services and programs for your entire portfolio.



Mapping the Operation and Management  of EV Charging Stations

Mapping the Operation and Management of EV Charging Stations

Mapping the Operation and Management
of EV Charging Stations

EV station hosts are liable for overseeing their stations and parking space’s use and upkeep at the commercial level. Managing your on-site operations is vital to your daily business experience, like making sure EV stations are easily accessible and reliable.
Understanding the layout of your municipal borders that outline your EVSE system helps to map out patterns that communicate traffic, usage rate, and other functional details within the station’s proximity.

Additionally, mapping out the exact placement of your EVSE demonstrates your priorities from a host’s perspective by correlating location choice and parking space accessibility for users.

Consider the following procedures to efficiently manage and operate your EVSE to increase your facility’s practical-aesthetic qualities and parking site features.

It’s All About Proximity

Physical proximity to high-volume traffic can be both positive or negative. For example, if your business or facility is on a busy main street, installing an EVSE might not be ideal. Heavy traffic patterns determine the practicality of use and can affect EVSE location choice.

You want patrons visiting and utilizing your station to know that they have ample time to park their vehicles without any interruption.

If your facility happens to be on a busy street, with no markers to slow the traffic down, your station might not be easily viewable. User visibility starts with supportive methods with clear signage to direct EV drivers to parking spaces with units installed.

Signage should also have a chain of command that helps direct drivers and organizes the stations’ infrastructure network on-premises. Applying maintained and visible signage throughout your facility helps drivers locate EVSE regardless if you have an app or any
wifi-enabled access tool.

Finally, the proximity between your charging units and your facility’s main entryway determines the ease of visibility and accessibility, which also impacts your priority parking spaces that are short walks away from main entrances. As an EVSE host, you have to make an intentional decision to emphasize your EVSE investment from the very beginning. If you decide to place your units farther away from your space’s proximity because you value your parking spaces, this decision can incur higher installation costs due to longer distances from your main electrical panels or power supply.

That’s why you should take the time to consider the ratio between your building and its surroundings to determine where you should install and operate your EVSE.

Liability, Capacity & Cost

EVSE units and their cord accessories should never intrude on pedestrian pathways. For example, your charging stations shouldn’t be in a location that would cause a trip hazard or liability. EVSE site choices should consider building entrances, corridors, streets, and meeting points to mitigate challenges.

The EVSE site design also impacts the power supply within your municipality. Connecting your EVSE to a power source will require evaluating your existing electrical capacities, like your location’s electrical system and the ability of your neighborhood systems to support multiple EVSE usage at once.

Electrical panels and circuitry need to adjust to the anticipated load. Some municipalities have used building codes to make new construction allow adequate room where they house their electrical sources for equipment needed to raise power for future projects.

Thus, the power lines represent the cost difference for EVSE installation. Thinking about a site’s power sources and capacity will help strategize for lower-cost projects that require less installation work. Positioning your EVSE close to the primary power source lowers the need to cut, trench, and drill for new conduits. Additionally, if your existing line already has adequate capacity, then you’ll help reduce your cost just as much.

Operation-Host Factors

There’s no doubt operating your EVSE unit affects your metering levels. Sub-metering means electricity used by charging units allows the energy to be isolated from the rest of a building’s energy usage.

However, it’s important to note that separating energy usage via multiple cords can only be accomplished by the charging unit itself.

For locations with multiple EVSEs, we recommend metering each unit separately. Through a network connection to the utility, intelligent meters help drivers and utilities balance electrical use during peak energy times.

How you decide to operate your investment defines what kind of ownership and management structures you impose for your charging station. Your management will determine the degree of accessing the power supply, running conduit, and maintaining EVSE.

Maintaining the relationship between you and the unit’s operators is critical. As different business models place additional requirements on navigating these relationships, your utility will work with you to bring traffic and other advantages to your site.


Did you purchase a franchise and require a contractor to develop your space?

Please email us at sales@ferrandinoandson.com to inquire more about our contracting services and programs for your entire portfolio.